Past Tense is used to determine the action of a verb that began in the past. Based on the formation of the sentence, It can also be used to describe the moment that took place near the present time.
Past Perfect Tense takes the structure:
a. Ram + had + gone + to the market.
b. They + had + slept + early at night.
c. I + had + eaten + the cake.
Here, ( v3 ) represents the Past Participle form of the verb. Read Now:
Moving on, We will be discussing certain rules, and the uses of Past Perfect Tense with Examples. Let’s Begin.
If two actions took place in the past, then Past Perfect Tense is used with the Previous Action and Simple Past Tense is used with the Subsequent Action.
When the reporting verb in the direct speech is in past tense and the reported speech is in present perfect tense, the present perfect tense is changed into past perfect tense in the indirect speech.
When the reporting verb in the direct speech is in past tense and the reported speech is in simple past tense, the simple past tense is changed into past perfect tense in the indirect speech.
Past perfect tense is used to describe the unreal situations after these expressions – I wish, We wish, He wishes, She wishes, They wish, As if, As though etc.
Generally the verbs – hope, expect, think, mean, intend, suppose, want are used to express an action expected to be happen in the past.
In this case, these verbs are used in past perfect tense. For Example: