Rules of Using Present Perfect Tense

Present Tense is used to determine the action of a verb in the present time. Based on how the words are placed, it can also be used to describe the past and future events.


Present Perfect Tense takes the structure:

a. Ram + has + gone + to the market.
b. They + have + slept + early at night.
c. The Earth + has + evolved + a lot.
d. I + have + visited + the temple.

Here, v3 represents the Past Participle form of the verb. Read Now:

Moving on, We will be discussing certain rules, and the uses of Present Perfect Tense with Examples. Let’s Begin.

Rule 1 – Activities Completed in the Immediate Past

  1. The train has just arrived.
  2. It has just struck seven.
  3. I have just finished the work.

Rule 2 – Past Affecting the Present

Present Perfect Tense is used to denote Past actions whose effect is on the Present situation or time. For Example:

  1. She has lit the lamp.
    (that means, now there is light)
  2. Diva has eaten all the apples.
    (that means, there are no apples left)

Rule 3 – Past Actions still continuing

Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action that began sometime in the past but is still continuing to happen. For Example:

  1. She has taught in this school for five years.
    (that means, she’s still teaching in the same school)
  2. I have been ill since Friday.
    (that means, I am still ill as of now)

Rule 4 – Past actions with Time not given

Present Perfect Tense is used to express the past actions which have been completed in the past time, but their time is not given. For example:

  1. She has gone to America.
  2. Have you read The Arabian Night?

Rule 5 – Adverbs of Time

Present Perfect Tense is never used with the past time expressing words such as-last year, last week, last month, yesterday, the other day, ago etc.

In such situations, Simple Past Tense is used instead of Present Perfect Tense. For example:

  1. He has gone to Delhi yesterday. (Incorrect)
    He went to Delhi yesterday. (Correct)
  2. I have eaten a pizza last week. (Incorrect)
    I ate a pizza last week. (Correct)
  3. Aliens have visited Earth long time ago. (Incorrect)
    Aliens visited Earth long time ago. (Correct)
Rules of Using Present Perfect Tense

English Affirmative / Positive Sentences Yash has completed his work. He has gone. The train has arrived. I have taken bath. She has slept.

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